Description of design

The main purpose of the GMZ-2 vehicle is the mechanized installation of anti-tank mines.
Mines can be installed in the ground and in the snow. In this case, mines can be either camouflaged or installed on the ground surface. The vehicle's crew consists of three people: a driver, a vehicle commander and an operator.

Armored hull and turret

The armored body of the vehicle is lightly armored and provides protection for the crew from bullets and shrapnel, and also has anti-nuclear protection and protects the crew from the shock wave of a nuclear explosion.

The GMZ-2 building has four departments: power, mine, operator's department and control department.

Department of Management

In the bow compartment, between the bulkhead of the power compartment and the left side, there is a control compartment, which houses the driver’s seat, as well as the levers and pedals of the machine control drives.

In the roof of the control compartment there are hatches for the driver and commander of the vehicle. Behind the driver's seat on the left side is the vehicle commander's seat, above which there is a turret with a PKT installation.

Mine department

In the middle part of the GMZ-2 hull there is a mine compartment. The mine compartment has a mechanism for issuing mines and cassettes with mines. On the sides of the compartment there are fuel tanks with a capacity of 200 liters each. Two on the starboard side and one on the port. For loading cassettes with mines, as well as for refueling the vehicle, there are opening flaps on the roof of the mine compartment. In front of the mine compartment, an antenna is installed on the roof. Also in the mine compartment there is a filter and ventilation unit and part of a transportable spare parts kit.

Power department

To the right of the control compartment is the power compartment. The gearbox with the rocker and planetary-type turning mechanisms are installed in the front part of the control compartment on special supports. On the right side of the engine box there is an engine with components and assemblies for its maintenance.

Operator department

The operator's compartment is located in the rear part of the housing above the dispensing mechanisms. The operator's compartment contains manual drives for the mine release mechanism, a filter and ventilation unit, an operator's console, mechanisms for closing mine exit windows, as well as an operator's turret, which has a hatch and surveillance devices.


The main weapon is a 7.62 mm PKT tank machine gun. The carried ammunition is 1,500 rounds.

For installation on the battlefield, GMZ-2 is equipped with anti-tank mines TM-57, TM-62M, TM-62P2 and TM-62T. Mines are equipped with contact and non-contact fuses. The transportable set is 208 min.

Surveillance and communications equipment

To monitor the terrain and target fire from a machine gun, three prism observation devices, TKN-3A periscope binocular devices, and OU-3GK infrared lamps with a power of 100 W are installed in the commander’s and operator’s turrets.

The driver is equipped with two prism observation devices and a TVN-2BM periscopic binocular device.

To ensure external communications, a radio station R-123M is installed in GMZ-2, the range of which in moderately rough terrain is up to 20 km. For internal negotiations, the car has a tank intercom R-124.

Engine and transmission

A modified B-54 diesel engine, designated B-105-B, was used as the power plant. The maximum engine power is 400 hp.

The gearbox is mechanical, has 6 forward and 2 reverse gears.

Table of speeds and gear ratios of the gearbox
BroadcastDesign speed, km/hGear ratiosPMP gear ratiosMinimum turning radius, m
1st front6,956,761,413,7
2nd front14,463,241,928,8
3rd front22,02,141,4614,0
4th front33,01,431,2821,3
5th front44,81,051,1829,4
6th front57,00,821,1437,7
1st back6,467,273,7
2nd rear13,423,498,9


The vehicle uses a tracked propulsion system; each track has 119 tracks. There are 7 road wheels on each side, the drive wheels are located at the front and have 15 teeth.

The car has an individual torsion bar suspension. The front and rear rollers have double-acting hydraulic shock absorbers.

BMD-3 TTX, Video, Photo, Speed, Armor

BMD-3 - an airborne combat vehicle was adopted by the Soviet Army in 1990. Its development was carried out at SKB VgTZ to replace the BMD-1 and BMD-2 vehicles. The design of the new vehicle allows it to be dropped together with the combat crew deployed in it by parachute and landing methods from military transport aircraft and by landing method from helicopters. The vehicle has an original chassis and a turret with a weapon system unified with the BMP-2.


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Anti-tank cumulative mine TMK-2

The TMK-2 anti-tank cumulative mine explodes under the bottom of a tank, armored personnel carrier and other equipment.

Rice. 3 Design of the TMK-2 anti-tank cumulative mine: 1 - extension; 2 - screw; 3 - fuse; 4 - fuse; 5 - cap; 6 - short circuit lining; 7 — body; 8 - charge; 9 — lens; 10 — additional detonator; 11 - bottom; 12 — detonating device DUM-2; 13 — paws; 14 – bracket; 15 – glass

Operating principle of the mine:

When hitting a mine fuse, the tube bends, the coils rotate, the rod pulls the cap out of the sleeve, as a result of which the balls release the firing pin, which, under the action of the mainspring, pierces the primer-igniter of the fuse, and from it the moderator ignites. After 0.3-0.45 s, i.e. when the middle part of the tank (vehicle) is above the mine, the detonator cap explodes from the moderator flame, and from it the tetryl bomb explodes. Its explosion is transmitted to the upper tip of the mine's detonating device (DUM-2), then to the detonating cord and then to the lower tip of the DUM-2, which detonates the additional detonator and the shaped charge of the mine.

To install a mine you need:

  • unscrew the caps from the upper and lower tips of DUM-2;
  • screw the plastic bushing into the hole in the glass from below until it stops, and then the metal bushing into the ignition socket of the mine;
  • secure the middle part of DUM-2 to the bracket with claws;
  • dig a hole measuring 30x30 cm and depth 32x35 cm;
  • install a mine in the hole with the bracket facing away from the enemy;
  • fill the mine body with soil up to the upper end of the glass, gradually compacting the soil to give the mine greater stability;
  • screw the plug from the upper end of the glass in place with the gasket;
  • screw the fuse into the fuse all the way;
  • screw the fuse into the glass;
  • fill the hole, compacting the soil;
  • disguise a mine;
  • Place the extension on the fuse head, securing it with a screw.

To remove a mine you must:

  • remove the extension;
  • remove the camouflage layer of soil until the top of the glass is discovered;
  • unscrew the fuse;
  • unscrew the fuse from the fuse;
  • carefully dig a mine;
  • remove the mine from the hole.


  • 118-2.TO. Tracked minelayer GMZ-II. Technical description. — 1970.

T-44 T-54 T-55 Object 416 Object 141 Object 139 Object 907 Object 140 Object 142 Object 430 Object 435 Object 167 T-62 T-62A Object 920 T-64[/td]

Medium tanks
Heavy tanksIS-3 · IS-4 · IS-7 · T-10 · Object 266 · Object 277 · Object 278 · Object 279 · Object 770
Missile tanksIT-1 · Product 64992 · Object 170 · Object 431 · Object 757 · Object 772 · Object 282 · Object 906B · Object 775 · Object 287 · Object 780
Flamethrower tanksOT-54 Object 483 TO-55
BMPTObject 781 Object 782 Object 787 Object 199 “Frame”* BMPT-72
Main battle tanksT-62B · T-64A · T-64BV · Object 476 · Object 172 · Object 172-2M · T-72 · T-72A · T-72B · T-72BA · T-72B3 · T-74 · T-80 · T-80A · Object 478 · Object 785 · Object 187 · Object 477 · Object 292 · T-80U · T-80UD · T-90 · T-90AM · Object 640 · Object 195 · T-14 (based on TSUP " Armata")
ATGM combat vehicles2P27 "Bumblebee" · 2P32 "Phalanx" · 9P19 "Eye" · 9P110 "Malyutka" · 9P122 "Malyutka-M" · 9P124 "Phalanga-M" · 9P133 "Malyutka-P" · 9P137 "Flute" · 9P148 "Competition" · 9P149 "Sturm-S" · 9P157 "Chrysanthemum-S" · 9P161 "Kornet-S" · 9P162 "Kornet-T"
Combat reconnaissance vehiclesBRDM-1 Object 760 (“hover tank”) BRDM-VPK BRDM-VPS Object 8M-906 BRDM-2 BRDM-3 BRM-1K BRM-2 BRM-3K BKM VDV "Otter" · Patrol-A
Flamethrower combat vehiclesBMO-1 · BMO-T
Armored personnel carriersK-75 · BTR-40 · BTR-112 · K-78 · BTR-152 · ZIS-153 · BTR-50 · BTR-E152V · ZIL-153 · GT-L · GT-LB · Object 1015 · BTR-60 · MT-LB · MT-LBu · GT-MU · BTR-D · BTR-70 · BTR-80 · BMM-80 · BTR-82 · BTR-90 · BTR-T · BTR-MD "Rakushka" · BMM- D "Boomerang" DT-3PB "Krymsk"
Armored vehiclesUral-4320-09-31 Ural-E4320D-31 Ural-E5323D GAZ-39344 “Warrior” “Bear” Ural-6320 “Typhoon” (“Typhoon-U” Ural-63099 “ Typhoon-K · KAMAZ-63969) · "Vodnik" · "Vystrel" · "Tiger" · "Wolf" · "Scorpion LTA" · "Bulat" · "Highlander-K" · "Federal-M" ("Zvezdochet" ) · "Scorpio LSA-B"
ASU-76 · K-73 · SU-100P · SU-100M · ASU-57 · BSU-11-57F · Object 574 · ASU-85 · SU-152 "Taran" · 2S14 "Sting-S" · 2S15 "Norov" » · "Hermes" · 2S25 "Sprut-SD" · 2S28 "Sprut-K"[/td]
Self-propelled howitzers and mortarsSU-152G · 2A3 "Kondensator-2P" · 2B1 "Oka" · Self-propelled guns with D-80 · Self-propelled guns with D-80S · Self-propelled guns with D-80-2 · 2С1 "Gvozdika" · 2С2 "Violet" · 2С3 "Acacia" · 2S4 "Tulip" · 2S5 "Gyacinth-S" · 2S7 "Peony" · 2S8 "Astra" · 2S9 "Nona-S" · 2S11 "Gyacinth-SK" · 2S12B "Tundzha-Sani"* · 2S17 "Nona-SV" » · 2S17-2 "Nona-SV" · 2S18 "Pat-S" · Object 327 · 2S19 "Msta-S" · 2S21 "Msta-K" · 2S22 "Flask-3" · "Compartment" · 2S23 "Nona- SVK · 2S24 "Virgin" · 2S26 "Pat-K" · 2S27 "Reef" · "Crimping" · 2S30 "Iset" · 2S31 "Vena" · 2S33 "Msta-SM" · 2S34 "Khosta" · 2S35 "Coalition- SV" · Coalition-SV-KSh · 2S36 "Zauralets-D"
CoastalA-222 "Bereg"
TZM9T451 "Grad-1" · TZM "Grad-VD" · TZM-T "Solntsepek"
SPUSPU 2P2 "Mars" · SPU 2P4 "Filin" · SPU 2P5 "Korshun" · SPU 2P16 "Luna"
ZSU-37-2 "Yenisei" · Object 130[/td]
37 mm
30 mm2S6 "Tunguska" · 96K6 "Pantsir-S1" · ZPRK "Roman" · ZSU TKB-841 "Pantsir-S1-O"
23 mmZSU-23-4 "Shilka"
BM air defense systems and air defense systems
Strela-10BM 9A35 SAM 9K35 "Strela-10-SV"
PineBM SAM "Sosna"
WaspBM 9A33B SAM 9K33 “Osa”
ThorBM 9A330 SAM 9K330 “Tor”
CubeSURN 1S91 SAM 2K12 "Kub" · SPU 2P25 SAM 2K12 "Kub" · SOU 9A38 SAM 2K12M4 "Kub-M4"
BeechKP 9S470 SAM 9K37 "Buk" · SOC 9S18 SAM 9K37 "Buk" · SOU 9A310 SAM 9K37 "Buk" · PZU 9A39 SAM 9K37 "Buk" · RPN 9S36 SAM 9K317 "Buk-M2"
CircleSOC 1S12 SAM 2K11 "Krug" · SNR 1S32 SAM 2K11 "Krug" · SPU 2P24 SAM 2K11 "Krug"
S-300VKP 9S457 air defense system 9K81 "Antey-300" · radar 9S15 air defense system 9K81 "Antey-300" · radar 9S19 air defense system 9K81 "Antey-300" · MSNR 9С32 air defense system 9K81 "Antey-300" · PU 9А82 air defense system 9K81 "Antey-300" · PU 9A83 ZRS 9K81 "Antey-300" · ROM 9A84 ZRS 9K81 "Antey-300" · ROM 9A85 ZRS 9K81 "Antey-300"
CranesKT-15 · SPK-5 · SPK-12G
BISUR-67 UR-77 UR-88 UR-93 UR-07 BMR-1 BMR-2 BMR-3 BMR-3M
IMRIMR-1 · IMR-2 · IMR-3 · IMR-3М · "Klin-1" · AZM · ADZM "Vostorg-2" · BAT-M · BAT-2
MTUMTU · MTU-20 · MTU-55 · MTU-72 · MTU-90
ICCMTP-1 · MTP-2 · MTP-3 · MTP-A5
OtherSPU-117 · IRM · IPR · VTS · KDHR-1N · BTZ-3 · LKM-1 · LKM-3 · P-256G · RPM-2 · KhTV-64 · SPM
PRP and PPUPRP-3 "Val" · PRP-4 "Nard" · PRP-4M "Deuterium" · PPRU-1 "Gadfly-M-SV" · 9S482 (PU-12) · 9S482М6 (PU-12М6) · 9S737 "Rank" · 9S737M "Rangir-M" · 15Y56 (MBP) · "Palantin-P"
KSAUO1В13 · 1В14 · 1В15 · 1В16 · Object 940 · 1В18 "Klen-1" · 1В19 "Klen-2" · 1В117 · 1В118 · 1В119 "Rheostat" · 1В152 · 1В157 · 1В21 · 1В22 · 1В23 · 1В24 · 1В25 · 1B31
Radar1RL232 “Leopard” SNAR-15 “Selenite” 1RL239 “Lynx” 1L219 “Zoo”
electronic warfare1L21 (SPR-1) 1L29 (SPR-2)
1K11 "Stiletto" · "Sanguine" · 1K17 "Compression"
* - produced only for export; Promising, experimental, or samples that did not go into mass production are highlighted in italics

GMZ 1 Minsk, GMZ-3, GMZ-3m

Kingisepp Machine-Building Plant

Overhaul of the V-59UMS for the needs of a large Ural enterprise. The company’s specialists carried out a major overhaul of the V-59UMS diesel engine.

According to the contract with a permanent partner - a large Ural machine-building enterprise, craftsmen from the Kingisepp Machine-Building Plant carried out a major overhaul of the V-59UMS diesel engine with the replacement of expired spare parts.

Engine V-59UMS before overhaul

The V-59 UMS diesel engine is supplied with an attached oil centrifuge, an oil filter, and a single set of spare parts. The engine is equipped with: electric generator;

· fine fuel filters;

· fuel priming pump;

· air start system.

Technical characteristics of the V-59 UMS engine
Engine type: four-stroke, V-shaped, 12-cylinder multi-fuel liquid-cooled diesel engine with inertia charging
Mixing system direct fuel injection
Engine power without resistance at inlet and outlet, kW (hp) 382 (520)
Rotation speed, s-1 (rpm) 33,3 (2000)
Torque reserve,% 18
Specific fuel consumption, g/kW*h (g/hp*h) 231 (170)
Weight, kg 950
Specific power, kW/kg (hp/kg) 0,4 (0,55)
Cylinder diameter, mm 150,0
Piston stroke in the cylinder with the main connecting rod, mm 180,0
Piston stroke in a cylinder with a trailing connecting rod, mm 186,7
Working volume, l 38,88
Minimum temperature for reliable engine starting without preheating, °C +5°C
Permissible engine operating conditions:
— ambient temperature from -40°С to +50°С
- relative humidity up to 98% at 20°C
- height above sea level up to 3000 m
Flash sequence uniform, after 60° crankshaft rotation
Degree of balance complete dynamic balance

Engine V-59UMS after major overhaul

Engine V-59UMS after major overhaul

Engine V-59UMS after major overhaul


  • Object 118 - basic version
  • GMZ-2 - a modified version, a number of shortcomings of the basic version have been eliminated, including the ability to reload the ammunition load of mines (in the basic version, it was necessary to use up the entire ammunition load of mines before reloading)
  • GMZ-3 is a modern modification of GMZ, developed at UZTRM. Among the features: along with TDA (thermal smoke equipment), six grenade launchers of the 902V “Tucha” smoke screen system are installed, for firing 81-mm smoke grenades
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